This specialty is one of the ten specialties in dentistry. This profession includes diagnosing and treating diseases, injuries, and defects related to functional and aesthetic aspects, including hard and soft tissue in the head and neck. If you have problems such as beauty or function regarding your mouth, jaw, and face, and according to the diagnosis of doctors and specialists, you need treatment and surgery to correct them, you probably need an oral, jaw, and face surgeon. What you read in this article is comprehensive information about the specialty of oral, maxillofacial surgery and the work done in this field.
What Procedures Does an Oral Surgeon Perform for Patients?
The scope of this expertise is very wide. According to one of the best oral surgeon in North York, this expertise ranges from tooth extraction to the treatment of complex facial fractures. This field is included in the group of dental specialties. After the general dentistry course, graduates in this field must have a five-year stay at the university to get expertise.
After training, Specialists in oral and maxillofacial surgery should be able to correct and improve a wide range of diseases and injuries caused to the following. These include:
- Improvement of diseases related to the head
- The face
- Cranial vault
The Most Important Activities of an Oral, Maxillofacial Surgeon for Patients
In the field of oral, jaw, and facial surgery, the following types of surgeries are considered for clients and patients:
Corrective jaw surgery (orthognathic)
Oral surgeons can reconstruct and treat major skeletal and dental malocclusion problems to improve your chewing, speaking, and breathing in collaboration with a good orthodontist and a surgeon. Improving the function and force of biting and the appearance of the face can have a good relationship with the proper overlap of the teeth and the appearance of the face.
Surgery for injuries caused by trauma
In general, any shock, damage, injury, and accident that enters the body from the outside and does not have an internal factor is called trauma in medicine.
Therefore, trauma can be divided based on the following:
- Mechanism of injury
- location of damage
- Factors causing damage
- Thermal or pressure trauma
Reconstructive and aesthetic surgery of the jaw and face
Restorative surgery is performed for cosmetic purposes and to treat and remove damage inside the mouth. In this surgery, which is jaw surgery, incisions are made by the surgeon in the jaw bones, and after placing them in the correct position, it does not leave any marks or scars.
Placing dental implants
Oral, maxillofacial, and facial surgeons can place bone in the areas they feel they need and then use dental implants. This work is done if necessary to change the tissue around the gums and produce a more natural and attractive appearance.
Evaluation of pathological conditions
Oral surgeons treat patients with benign cysts and tumors of the mouth and face, malignant oral cancers, cervical cancer, and severe infections of the oral cavity, jaw, and neck salivary glands.
Jaw reconstruction surgery
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons can perform surgery on facial bone injuries and facial soft tissue problems caused by removing bones, cysts, and tumors and restoring their former form and function. Corrective surgery to restore form and function to the jaw and face area is often performed using skin, bone, nerves, and various tissues from other body parts to reconstruct the jaw and face.