Ophthalmologists and Optometrists Can Treat Eye Disorders

Considering eye surgery? Here’s a look at some of the options. Choose an Ophthalmologist or Optometrist for your treatment. If you’d like to learn more about pediatric ophthalmology, consider Neuro-ophthalmology, or go to a Pediatric ophthalmologist. Each type of ophthalmologist has a specific specialization and can treat many eye problems.


Ophthalmologists have advanced medical training in the field of eye disease and disorders. They complete four years of college and an additional year of residency training in ophthalmology. They can specialize in a particular area such as cataract surgery or macular degeneration. Some even specialize in specific age groups. In addition, some ophthalmologists also perform surgical procedures and offer treatments for more complex diseases.

A visit to an ophthalmologist’s office usually includes a physical exam. They will ask you about your vision, any eyewear you’ve had, and your family history. If you have specific eye problems, they will ask you about these as well. You’ll be tested for your visual acuity by completing a test called a Snellen chart. They’ll also measure your peripheral vision and determine whether you have glaucoma.


While choosing an eye doctor is an important decision, the type of professional you choose can be just as important. A good optometrist has the training and experience needed to detect and treat eye disorders. You should check the certification and license of the doctor before allowing them to treat your eyes. Additionally, be sure to ask for a second opinion if you are unsure.

The practise of optometry is a highly specialized one. The main duties of optometrists include diagnostic tests and the prescription of eyeglasses and contact lenses. They also perform eye first aid for common conditions and can diagnose serious health problems such as macular degeneration and glaucoma. They can also perform minor in-office procedures like cataract surgery.


Neuro-ophthalmologists treat eye disorders caused by abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord, and cranial nerves. Patients may experience blurred vision, double vision, or sudden loss of sight, among other symptoms. Treatment options may include steroids, surgery, or a combination of all three. A neuro-ophthalmologist can determine which treatment options will be most beneficial for you.

A neuro-ophthalmologist has advanced training and specializes in diagnosing and treating patients with eye conditions. After completing a residency in one field and a fellowship in another, neuro-ophthalmologists are uniquely qualified to help patients with a variety of conditions. These specialists may also prescribe medications and conduct additional tests to confirm their diagnosis. Patients with these conditions should be aware of their rights and obligations regarding eye health and should be consulted as soon as symptoms arise.

Pediatric ophthalmologist

A pediatric ophthalmologist is an eye doctor who specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders in children. While all ophthalmologists receive some training in treating eye disorders, pediatric ophthalmologists have more experience in diagnosing and treating the most common pediatric eye conditions. Optometrists are not medical doctors but can give medication for some eye diseases. Ophthalmologists are more experienced in diagnosing eye diseases in children, as well as performing surgeries.

Children may need glasses if they have a weakness in one or both eyes. Strabismus, or crossed eyes, is a common eye problem in young children, and treatment is critical to the child’s development. Another condition that can lead to unnoticed glasses need is uveitis, an inflammation inside the eye. This can cause significant scarring and vision loss, so screening for this condition is critical.

Corneal subspecialist

The medical speciality of the cornea is extremely broad. While most systemic diseases have some impact on the eyes, corneal subspecialists specialize in the treatment of eye disorders affecting the cornea. Some of their techniques involve the use of femtosecond laser-assisted keratoplasty (fLASK), corneal transplantation, and refractive surgery. While their practice is vast, many of these physicians are focused on improving the superficial corneal contour.

Retinal subspecialists treat eye problems resulting from the interaction between the eye and the brain. These physicians often treat conditions affecting the retina, including double vision, problems with the eye’s tear drainage system, and other issues involving the eye’s lining. They also perform vision screenings in children to determine whether a more comprehensive examination is necessary. An ophthalmologist dilates the pupils and examines the retina and optic nerve.